The breathalyzers that are used in a professional environment, such as those used by the police, must be approved by the Department of Transportation (DOT). Some of these are approved as breath alcohol screening devices, which means that their purpose is not so much to accurately measure the level of alcohol, but to simply determine whether there is alcohol present in the breath sample or not.
Some breathalyzers that are sold to consumers are approved by the DOT as breath alcohol screening devices, but DOT approval does not substitute for FDA certification, nor does it mean that these breathalyzers are more accurate than those that have FDA certification. You can find accurate breathalyzers in UK of 2018 here.
All breathalyzers sold to consumers in the US must be certified by the FDA. The FDA certification process assures the user that a breathalyzer is “substantially equivalent” to other breathalyzers on the market, and that it does what it claims to do. There is also an accuracy standard that breathalyzers have to pass as part of the process. Most breathalyzers on the market are not FDA certified, despite the FDA’s regulations, but at present the FDA does not have the power to stop their sale.
Signs of Alcohol Addiction
Behavior- Alcohol can affect your behavior and you may start behaving in a weird manner. You may act strangely and do things unknowingly. Your sense of reasonability weakens and you may even get involved in a fight or an argument. You may lose the control over your body and have difficulty to even walk.
●Appearance– After the consumption of alcohol you may not be bale to carry yourself well. You’ll not be able to sit or walk properly and would act in way that you are not supposed to be.
●Addiction- If you start consuming alcohol regularly then you may get addicted to it. You may feel agitated if not being able to take alcohol. You may feel depressed and low. In spite of regular treatments if you are not able to get rid of this addiction then it gives a sign of alcoholism.
●Office- Disputes at office and being irresponsible are a sign of alcoholism. You may reach office frequently late due to hangovers and even behave rudely with clients or other employers.
●Entertainment- You may start losing interest in any kind of entertainment and would not like to pursue your hobbies. You may even lose interest in your daily work. This symptom proves that you are getting badly addicted to alcohol.
●Consuming in private- If family members stop supporting you with the consumption of alcohol then you may take this step of drinking alone. You may do this to reduce your pressure and would like to stay alone for sometime.
●Bars- If you have become a frequent customer to certain bars or have started spending a longer time there then it shows that you have become an alcoholic. You must consume alcohol in small quantities and that too rarely.
●Occasion to drink- The next sign of alcoholism is looking forward to an occasion for drinking. You may always be interested to go to places where there is availability of alcohol. You may even like to plan out parties or go out with your friends or family members for drinks.
●Hiding- If you have been asked by the family member not to drink or you are scared to tell them then you may hide the bottles. You may keep them is places where they cannot find it.
●Self respect- People may stop respecting you because of your drinking habit. They may even stop talking or taunt you.
Alcohol Affects Older People Differently
The effects of alcohol vary with age. Even small amounts of alcohol can create problems for older people because as the body ages, the effects of alcohol can become amplified. Slower reaction times, problems with hearing and seeing, and a lower tolerance to alcohol’s effects put older people at higher risk for falls, car crashes, and other types of injuries that may result from drinking.
Can a problem drinker simply cut down?
It depends. If that person has been diagnosed as an alcoholic, the answer is “no.” Alcoholics who try to cut down on drinking rarely succeed. Cutting out alcohol–that is, abstaining–is usually the best course for recovery. People who are not alcohol dependent but who have experienced alcohol-related problems may be able to limit the amount they drink. If they can’t stay within those limits, they need to stop drinking altogether.
Young People and Alcohol
Adolescents who begin drinking alcohol before age 14 have a nearly 50% risk of becoming alcohol dependent in adulthood. A study published July, 2006, by the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, a specialty journal of the American Medical Association, regards early drinking as a predictor of alcohol dependence in adulthood.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention find that more than 75,000 deaths annually are attributable to excessive alcohol consumption; the third leading preventable cause of death in the U.S. Alcohol is involved in 50% of accidental trauma and 30% to 40% of emergency department visits.
The study surveyed over 43,000 adults in 2001-2002, and found that 47% of those who began drinking before age 14 later became alcohol dependent vs. 9% of those who started drinking at age 21 or older. Of this early age drinking group, most individuals who later became alcohol dependent did so within 10 years, that is, by their mid-20’s.
The important point this study makes is that an adolescent or young adult patient entering treatment for Substance Use Disorder, who gives a history of drinking more than a few sips of alcohol before age 14, is much more likely to struggle with a lifetime of alcohol dependence than one who begins drinking at a later age. One could also conclude that if an “at-risk” adolescent can be identified and treated aggressively early on, their chance of not developing adult alcohol dependence should significantly increase.